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The Ukrainian Press in the Shelest Era

Description: CIUS Seminar Audio Part 1 and 2.

On March 7 Dr. Roman Szporluk, professor of history at the University of Michigan, spoke on "The Ukrainian Press in the Shelest Era." The history of the Ukrainian press since 1945 can be divided into four periods: Stalinism (until 1953-54), de-Stalinization (mid-1950s-early 1960s), the Shelest era (1963-72), and the contemporary period (since 1972). Under Stalinism, the circulation of the Ukrainian press was rigidly limited and restricted to periodicals serving the state apparatus, the agricultural sector, and—to a small extent—the intelligentsia. With de-Stalinization came an extraordinary expansion of the Ukrainian press: circulations became unfrozen and sky-rocketed, and periodicals were founded for urban readers, i.e., for workers (Robitnycha hazeta) and the intelligentsia (Vsesvit, Ukvainskyi istovychnyi zhuvnal) . After some setbacks in the early 1960s (during Khrushchev's last years in power), the Ukrainian press again expanded during the Shelest era. More specialized journals and yearbooks in the humanities and social sciences appeared; there was also a corresponding expansion of periodicals in the exact sciences. Kyiv became the second largest center of press and publishing in the USSR, outpacing Leningrad. Circulations rose; Radianska zhinka and Revets achieved readerships of one million. The popular weekly Ukvaina actively fostered a Ukrainian historical, linguistic consciousness. The press in the Shelest era became the material link in a new partnership between the state apparatus and the Ukrainian intelligentsia; it functioned as a vehicle of vappvochement , at once "sovietizing" the Ukrainians and Ukrainianizing the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic. After 1972 the regime abandoned this experiment and returned to a "neo-Stalinist" assimilationist policy, which manifests itself by stifling the Ukrainian press.

Found in CIUS Newsletter Vol 3 Issue 2 (Spring 1979)
Author: CIUS
Publisher: CIUS
Date: March 7, 1979
Contributor: Roman Szporluk
Language: English, Ukrainian
Original Format: Magnetic tape, audio cassette





CIUS, “The Ukrainian Press in the Shelest Era,” CIUS-Archives, accessed June 2, 2023,
Unless otherwise noted, this work is subject to a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International license .